The agreement was negotiated by Soviet Prime Minister Alexei Kossygin, who had invited the parties to Tashkent. The parties agreed to withdraw all armed forces from posts held before 5 August 1965; re-establish diplomatic relations; and to discuss economic, refugee and other issues. The deal was criticized in India for not containing a non-war pact or renunciation of guerrilla aggression in Kashmir. The Tashkent Declaration was a peace agreement signed on January 10, 1966 between India and Pakistan, which resolved the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. Peace had been achieved on September 23 thanks to the intervention of external powers that pushed the two nations to a truce, fearing that the conflict would escalate and attract other powers.   According to the Tashkent Declaration, the 1st and 2nd The Committee on Education and Politics Despite the fact that these discussions were unproductive, diplomatic exchanges continued throughout the spring and summer. No results were achieved as a result of these discussions, due to differences of opinion on the Kashmir issue. The news of the Tashkent declaration shocked the people of Pakistan who expected more concessions from India than they received. Things got even worse when Ayub Khan refused to speak out and went to solitary confinement instead of announcing the reasons for signing the agreement. Protests and riots broke out in different locations across Pakistan.  To appease the anger and concerns of the people, Ayub Khan decided to take the matter to the people on January 14, 1966 by addressing the nation. It was the difference on the Tashkent declaration that eventually led to Zulfikar Ali Bhutto`s withdrawal from Ayub`s government, who later founded his own party called Pakistan People`s Party.
Although Ayub Khan was able to satisfy the concerns of the people, the Tashkent declaration severely tarnished his image and was one of the factors that led to his downfall.  The agreement was criticized in India for not containing a non-war pact or renunciation of guerrilla warfare in Kashmir. After the signing of the agreement, Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri died mysteriously in Tashkent.  Shastri`s sudden death led to stubborn conspiracy theories that he was poisoned.  The Indian government refused to downgrade a report on his death claiming it could damage foreign relations, cause disruption in the country and a breach of parliamentary privileges.  VI The Prime Minister of India and the President of Pakistan agreed to consider measures to restore economic and trade relations, communications and cultural exchanges between India and Pakistan and to take measures to implement existing agreements between India and Pakistan. . . .